Auto-biography by Huai Su
Calligraphy of the Masters 歷代名家書法
王羲之 蘭亭序 http://www.chinapage.com/calligraphy/wangxizhi/lantingxu/lantingxu-full.html
Introduction to basics
Chinese Calligraphy Exchange Excellent site by Keith Welch
Calligraphyﾠ Forum of China the Beautiful websiteDiscussions and news about calligraphy. You may post related comments and questions here.
sf108 Forum 銋行?瘙Ÿ?
Shortﾠ biography [BIG5]
Good list by Dr Junﾠ Shan
Innovation of Chinese Paintings: Calligraphy
Differentﾠ StylesExcellent illustrations by E. Ching
Calligraphy By Patricia Buckley Ebrey, Univ of Washington
Chinese calligraphy -ﾠ ancient Chinese Calligraphy, with history,instructions on Chinese writing
East Asian calligraphy
Main article: Chinese painting
Calligraphy is an art dating back to the earliest day of history, and widely practiced throughout China to this day. Although it uses Chinese words as its vehicle of expression, one does not have to know Chinese to appreciate its beauty. Calligraphy, in essence, is an abstract art.
East Asian calligraphy typically uses ink brushes to write Chinese characters (called Hanzi in Chinese, Kanji in Japanese, and Hanja in Korean). Calligraphy (in Chinese, Shufa 書法, in Japanese ōShod 書道, in Korean, Seoyae 書藝, all meaning "the way of writing") is considered an important art in East Asia and the most refined form of East Asian painting.
This piece of Chinese calligraphy was penned by Song Dynasty official Su Shi. For centuries, Chinese literati were expected to master the art of calligraphy.
The style of Chinese calligraphy has evolved continually for thousands of years. About 213 B.C., under the famous Qin Shi Huangdi, who perpetrated the "burning of the books", the Prime Minister Li Si drew up an official index of characters and unified the written form for the use of scholars. This is chuan-shu and contained more than 3,000 characters. From that time to the present, there have been five major styles of calligraphy. Using their Japanese names, they are tensho (seal style), reisho (scribe's style), kaisho (block style), gyosho (semi-cursive style), and sosho (cursive style, literally "grass writingstyles"). All five styles of writing are still in use today.
In addition to these, the Japanese developed the kana characters during the eighth century. In contrast to Chinese characters, which express both sound and meaning ideographically, kana express only sound without regard to meaning. Three types of kana have been developed, manyogana, hiragana, and katakana. The manyogana are a subset of the Chinese characters used phonetically to represent the syllables of Japanese, and are named after the eighth century poetry collection Manyoshu. Manyogana is now obsolete. At the time this collection was compiled the Japanese had no writing system of their own. Some of the Japanese poems were rendered in Chinese characters used phonetically, and in others the Chinese characters were used sometimes phonetically and sometimes ideographically. Using the kanji manyogana as a guide, hiragana and katakana were developed from simplified cursive versions of characters. In the hands of Japanese noblewomen, hiragana developed into a beautiful script which is the unique calligraphic style of Japan. In contrast to the loops and curves of hiragana, katakana is more angular and relies on sharp angles. Written Japanese uses both scripts along with Chinese characters, and basic calligraphy instruction is still common in Japanese lower education.
Calligraphy has influenced most major art styles in East Asia, including sumi-e, a style of Chinese and Japanese painting based entirely on calligraphy.
Chu Sui Liang's (595658? Meng Fa Shi Bei
The main categories of Chinese-character calligraphy
Clerical script (Official script)
Regular Script (Block script)
Running script (Semi-cursive Script)
Grass script (Cursive script)
SōshoFor regular script characters, the character basically fits into a square space, with each character of roughly the same size and proportion. Learners of Chinese characters are likely to encounter this form first, and in learning to write Chinese characters the form enables the student to appreciate the proportions of each part of the character as well as each character stroke. Though brushpen has been used for over two thousand years, today, most students begin with pencil or pens, and the calligraphy of modern handwriting is also a challenge to read for those with expressive running hand script.
Grass script is notorious for its economy of individual penstrokes. Quite often different characters written in the regular script form may resemble each other when written in grass script.
The clerical script is highly stylised, a development from seal script form. They are highly angular in appearance, and as a precursor to regular script, for modern readers of Chinese characters, they are highly legible, compared to grass script, or seal script.
Seal scripts are regularised scripts, which are noted for the uniformity of thickness and space of vertical, horizontal and curved lines. By its very name, the main use are found on seals or chops. Seal carving is one branch of Chinese calligraphy, and considered as a high art, since it expresses the carver's calligraphy and artistic expression in fitting a number of characters (the majority of which are of seal script form) into such a small area of space, and carved in reverse so that the imprint obtained gives the characters in their proper form. Moreover, due to the nature of the size of seals and lack of space, the development of Chinese characters have been affected by seal carving, since simplification of characters has often been practiced.
Wei Shuo 衛鑠 衛夫人
Wang Xizhi 王羲之
Huai Su 懷素
Zhang Xu 張旭
Yan Zhenqing 顏真卿
Liu Gongquan 柳公權
Ouyang Xun 歐陽洵
Su Shi 蘇軾
Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty 宋徽宗趙佶
Zhao Mengfu 趙孟頫
Shodo Japanese calligraphy
Eight Principles of Yong
書法 篆刻Answers.com http://www.answers.com/%E6%9B%B8%E6%B3%95+%E7%AF%86%E5%88%BB?gwp=12&method=2